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Soil and Water Conservation Engineering PDF Book

Water conservation is the use and management of water for the good of all users. Soil conservation is defined as the control of soil erosion in order to maintain agricultural productivity. Soil erosion is often the effect of many natural causes, such as water and wind.

 

Book Detail: Soil and Water Conservation Engineering  Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Language: English

Pages: 247

Author: Dr. A Mishra, Dr. B C Mal

 Price: Free

 

Fundamental Of Soil Water Conservation & Engineering PDF

 

 

 

COURSE OUTLINE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING 3(2+1)

 

Module 1: Introduction and Concept of Soil Erosion

Lesson 1: Introduction

1.1 Why Soil and Water Conservation?

 

Lesson 2: Principles of Soil Erosion

  • Causes of Soil Erosion
  • Types of Soil Erosion
  • Agents of Soil Erosion
  • Factors Affecting Soil Erosion
  • Mechanics of Soil Erosion

Agriculture ICAR eCourse PDF Book

Module 2: Water Erosion and Control

Lesson 3: Erosion Due to Water

  • Forms of Water Erosion
  • Factors Affecting Water Erosion
  • Types of Water Erosion

 

Lesson 4: Agronomical Measures for Water Erosion Control

  • Mechanics of Water Erosion Control
  • Agronomical Measures of Water Erosion Control

 

Lesson 5: Terraces for Water Erosion Control

  • Terraces and their Design
  • Bench Terracing
  • Types of Bench Terraces
  • Design of Bench Terraces
  • Alignment of Bench Terraces
  • Area Lost for Cultivation due to Bench Terracing
  • Maintenance of Bench Terraces
  • Solved Example of Terrace Design

 

Lesson 6: Bunding Methods for Water Erosion Control

  • Mechanical Measures for Water Erosion Control
  • Bunds (Contour Bunds, Graded Bunds) and their Design
  • Design Specification of Bunds
  • Construction of Bunds

 

Lesson 7: Gully Erosion

  • Development of Gullies
  • Classification of Gullies
  • Principles of Gully Control
  • Gully Control Measures
  • Classification of Gully Control Measures or Structures
  • Design Criteria of TGCS

 

Lesson 8: Drop Spillway

  • Permanent Gully Control Structures (PGCS)
  • Salient Features of PGCS
  • Planning for Design
  • Design Procedure
  • Basic Components of PGCS
  • Drop Spillway
  • Design of Drop Spillway

 

Lesson 9: Drop Inlet Spillway

  • Design of Drop Inlet Spillways
  • Components of Drop Inlet Spillway

 

Lesson 10: Chute Spillway

  • Components of Chute Spillway
  • Applicability
  • Material for Construction
  • Design Features

 

Lesson 11: Earthen Dam

  • Components of An Earthen Dam
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Types of Earthen Dam
  • Design Criteria
  • Design of Earthen Dam

 

Lesson 12: Stream Bank Erosion

  • Introduction
  • Susceptible Area to Stream Bank Erosion
  • Process of Stream Bank Erosion
  • Bank Scour
  • Mass Failure
  • Impacts of Stream Bank Erosion
  • Causes of Stream Bank Erosion
  • Control Measures for Stream Bank Erosion

 

Lesson 13: River Training and Stream Bank Protection

  • Introduction
  • Types of Rivers
  • Objectives of River Training
  • Methods of River Training
  • Design of Spurs

 

Module 3: Wind Erosion, Estimation and Control

Lesson 14: Wind Erosion and Its Estimation

  • Wind Erosion
  • Factors Affecting Wind Erosion
  • Mechanics of Wind Erosion
  • Estimation of Soil Loss Due to Wind Erosion

 

Lesson 15: Wind Erosion Control Measures

  • Wind Erosion Control
  • Vegetative Measures
  • Tillage Practices
  • Mechanical Measures
  • Sand Dunes Stabilization

 

Module 4: Soil Loss-Sediment Yield Estimation

Lesson 16: Soil Loss/Sediment Yield Estimation

  • Estimation of Soil Loss
  • The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE)
  • Use of USLE
  • Limitations of Universal Soil Loss Equation
  • Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE)
  • Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation (MUSLE)

 

Lesson 17. Erosivity and Erodibility

  • Erosivity of Rainfall
  • Soil Erodibility
  • Relationship between Rainfall Energy and Soil Erosion

 

Lesson 18: Estimation of USLE Parameters

  • USLE Parameters
  • Assumptions and Estimation of USLE Parameters

 

Module 5: Sedimentation

Lesson 19: Sedimentation of Water Resources

  • Sedimentation
  • Sources of Sedimentation
  • Factors Affecting Sedimentation of Water Resources
  • Losses due to Sedimentation of Water Resources

 

Lesson 20: Sediment Transport and Measurements

  • Mechanics of Sediment Transportation
  • Types of Sediments Transported Along with Streams
  • Methods of in Stream Sediment Measurements

 

Lesson 21: In-stream Sediment Measurements

  • Location of Measurement
  • Frequency of Measurement
  • Number of Monitoring Stations
  • Observation and Collection of Sediment Samples
  • Estimation of Different Loads from Samples

 

Lesson 22: Reservoir Sedimentation

  • Distribution of Sediments in Reservoirs
  • Distribution and Estimation of Reservoir Sedimentation
  • Factors Affecting the Sedimentation of Reservoirs
  • Rate of Reservoir Sedimentation- Sediment Delivery Ratio, Trap Efficiency
  • Reservoir Sedimentation Control

 

Module 6: Topographic Survey and Contour Maps

Lesson 23: Land Survey and Contour Maps

  • Survey of Land
  • Types of Maps and Mapping Units
  • Methods of Land Survey
  • Contour Maps Preparation
  • Uses of Contour Maps in SWCE

 

Lesson 24: Leveling and Grading of Land

  • Purpose of Leveling and Grading of Land
  • Methods of Leveling and Grading
  • Design of Land Grades
  • Estimation of Earthwork in Leveling and Grading
  • Methods of End-Area Determination
  • Construction and Maintenance

 

Module 7: Land Use Capability Classification

Lesson 25: Land Use and Capability Classification

  • Soil Use and Land Capability Classification
  • Land Capability Classes and their Characteristics
  • Land Capability Sub-Classes
  • Identification of Classes in Field
  • Arid and Semiarid, Stony, Wet, Saline-Sodic and Overflow Soils
  • Climatic Limitations
  • Wetness Limitations
  • Toxic Salts
  • Slope and Hazard of Erosion
  • Soil Depth
  • Previous Erosion
  • Available Moisture-Holding Capacity

 

Module 11: Grassed Waterways Lesson 27: Grassed Waterways

  • Purpose of Grassed Waterways
  • Design of Grassed Waterways
  • Selection of Suitable Grasses
  • Construction Procedure and Maintenance

Module 11: Water Harvesting Lesson 28: Water Harvesting

  • Importance of Water Harvesting
  • Types of Water Harvesting
  • Water Harvesting Technique
  • Runoff vs. Flood Water Harvesting

Module 11: Water Quality and Pollution Lesson 29: Water Pollution

  • Types of Water Pollution
  • Sources of Water Pollution
  • Effects of Water Pollution

 

Lesson 30 Water Quality

  • Importance of Water Quality
  • Standards of Water Quality for Different Uses
  • National Water Quality Monitoring Programme

 

Module 11: Watershed Modeling

Lesson 31: Modeling of Watershed Processes

  • Model, Watershed Model and Modeling
  • Watershed Modeling-State of Art
  • Benefits of Watershed Modeling
  • Watershed Models

 

Lesson 32: Case Study-Watershed Modelling for Soil and Water Conservation and Water Quality

  • Applications of Watershed Modelling
  • Setting up a Watershed Model- Steps and Requirements
  • Case Study
  • Hydrological Modelling for Future Water Quantity Assessment

 

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