“Swasth Dharaa. Khet Haraa.”- Healthy Earth. Green Farm. Soil health card (SHC) is a Government of India’s scheme promoted by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation under the Ministry of Agriculture and
Farmers’ Welfare. It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture of all the State and Union Territory Governments.
Soil Health Card Scheme is a very beneficial scheme for farmers. There are many farmers in India. And they do not know which types of crops they should grow to get maximum yield. Basically, they do not know the quality and the type of their soil. They might know by experience what crops grow and what crops fail. But they don’t know what they can do to improve the condition of the soil.
- Outlay = 33 crore (issued after every two years)
Key Features of the Soil Health Card Scheme:
- The government is planning to cover as many as all farmers under the
- The scheme will cover all the parts of the
- In the form of soil card, the farmers will get a And this report will contain all the details about the soil of their particular farm.
- A farmer will get the soil card once in every 2
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What is a Soil Health Card?
- SHC is a printed report that a farmer will be handed over for each of his
- It will contain the status of his soil with respect to 12 parameters, namely N,P,K (Macro-nutrients); S (Secondary- nutrient); Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, Bo (Micro – nutrients); and pH, EC, OC (Physical parameters).
- Based on this, the SHC will also indicate fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment required for the
How can a farmer use a SHC?
The card will contain an advisory based on the soil nutrient status of a farmer’s holding. It will show recommendations on dosage of different nutrients needed. Further, it will advise the farmer on the fertilizers and their quantities he should apply, and also the soil amendments that he should undertake, so as to realize optimal yields.
What are the norms of sampling?
- Soil samples will be drawn in a grid of 5 ha in irrigated area and 10 ha in rain- fed area with the help of GPS tools and revenue maps.
Who will draw the soil sample?
- The State Government will collect samples through the staff of their Department of Agriculture or through the staff of an outsourced The State Government may also involve the students of local Agriculture / Science Colleges.
What is the ideal time for soil sampling?
- Soil Samples are taken generally two times in a year, after harvesting of Rabi and Kharif Crop respectively or when there is no standing crop in the
How will soil samples be collected from a farmer’s field?
- Soil Samples will be collected by a trained person from a depth of 15-20 cm by cutting the soil in a “V” shape. It will be collected from four corners and the center of the field and mixed thoroughly and a part of this picked up as a
Areas with shade will be avoided. The sample chosen will be bagged and coded. It will then be transferred to soil test laboratory for analysis.
Who and Where will the soil sample be tested?
The soil sample will be tested as per the approved standards for all the agreed 12
parameters in the following way:
- At the STLs owned by the Department of Agriculture and by their own
- At the STLs owned by the Department of Agriculture but by the staff of the outsourced
- At the STLs owned by the outsourced agency and by their
- At ICAR Institutions including KVKs and
- At the laboratories of the Science Colleges/Universities by the students under supervision of a Professor/
What is the payment per sample?
A sum of Rs. 190 per soil sample is provided to State Governments. This covers the
cost of collection of soil sample, its test, generation and distribution of soil health card to the farmer.
- Provide customized crop specific recommendations for nutrient
- The second cycle started from 1st May,
- Total 20 Cr Soil Health Cards have been distributed till 31 March 2018 in both cycles.
- First Cycle: 27 crore farmers registered in the first cycle on the Health Card portal &10.7 crore Soil Health Cards distributed. Second Cycle: In the second cycle 3.5 crore farmers registered on the Health Card portal and registration on Soil Health Card portal has been made mandatory.
- In the year 2010-14 there were only 43 soil testing laboratories sanctioned which has increased to 9243 during 2014-18.
- Fund: 2014-18 it was Rs. 1234.97 crores
Article written by Narendra natwariya (jrf) Agronomy Preveen chaudhary, Hemendra Meena, Devendra shakatwat